Extension Changes Georgia Gun Storage Rack Plans Australiahow to Gun Storage Rack Plans Australia for University of Georgia Cooperative the 1 last update 2020/08/07 Extension programming improves people''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. --> University of Georgia Cooperative Extension programming improves people''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. -->
Fences may be used to protect or divide property, to improve its appearance, to confine animals, or to exclude animals. Whatever its purpose, one should plan a fence carefully. This is especially important on farms where fences represent a large investment and their location and arrangement may affect production efficiency.
Permanent fences — those intended to last for many years with minimal repairs — should be well constructed and made of good materials. Temporary fences — those intended to stay in place only a short time — need not be so sturdily constructed and may be made of less expensive materials. Whether you select permanent or temporary fencing, careful consideration of uses and proper maintenance is necessary.
Planning the Fence
Fencing is a long term investment. Good fences should last from 25 to 50 years. Planning is the key to good fencing. This is true whether fencing an area for the first time or replacing old, worn-out fences. If present fences are in good shape you may want to develop plans around them. But look ahead to the day when these fences, too, may have to be replaced. It is not wise to construct new divider fences if boundary fences are in disrepair and failing.
Sketch Map of Your Farm
The easiest way to prepare a sketch of your farm is to start with an aerial photograph. A good aerial photo shows details of the present farm layout, plus some indications of the lay of the land. Aerial photographs have been made of practically all farming areas. You can get one that includes your farm from the Farm Service Agency (formerly Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service) or your local tax office. You can also obtain one from any commercial aerial survey firm listed in the classified section of telephone directories in major cities.
Add Land Capability to Map
Land capability layout.
If an NRCS plan is not available for your farm, use the sketch of your land which you previously obtained. Divide your land into areas that are best suited for: (1) permanent pastures or hay production, (2) woodlands not to be pastured, (3) woodlands that can be pastured and (4) cultivated crop production (Figure 2). These land assignments are made based on uses that will return the greatest possible profit for each type of land.
Consider the following points when developing your plan. If possible, locate fences in terraced fields at terrace''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. --> Figure 3. Locate for 1 last update 2020/08/07 permanent lanes to avoid erosion yet allow access to as many fields as possible.Consider the following points when developing your plan. If possible, locate fences in terraced fields at terrace''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. --> Figure 3. Locate permanent lanes to avoid erosion yet allow access to as many fields as possible.
Gun Storage Rack Plans Australiahow to Gun Storage Rack Plans Australia for Ideally, a for 1 last update 2020/08/07 lane should connect livestock buildings and working pens with every field that eventually may be pastured (Figure 3). Keep in mind that a permanent pasture located between other fields can be considered a lane itself. Ideally, a lane should connect livestock buildings and working pens with every field that eventually may be pastured (Figure 3). Keep in mind that a permanent pasture located between other fields can be considered a lane itself.
Locate lanes in the driest areas possible, such as along a terrace or natural ridge; otherwise gullies may develop after repeated use. If a well-drained location is impossible, plan on movable lane fences which can be relocated after a year or two. If lanes are used frequently, it may be desirable to grade the area and install geotech fabric covered with six inches of compacted crusher-run gravel in the lane. Specifications for such "" can be found at your local NRCS office. They can be installed for about half the price of concrete.
Wherever possible, locate gates and passageways for livestock and equipment in the corner of each field closest to farm buildings. If you have fields on opposite sides of a road or highway, locate gates opposite each other so livestock can go directly across.
Locating Permanent Fences
First, a permanent fence around the farm boundary is highly desirable. This will establish a fixed property line between you and your neighbor. It will also help confine your livestock to protect both them and the driving public from possible highway collisions. If a fence around the entire boundary is not affordable, then install the parts which are most helpful in your operations. Other boundary fences can be added at a later date.
Next, permanent pastures which will be used year after year also deserve high priority in fencing plans. Plan to fence ponds, also, to control livestock access. Since these fences are not apt to be moved, plan for well built, low-maintenance construction. If the plan includes a lane that gives livestock access to water, this fence should also have high priority. Livestock may enter and damage a well managed timber stand if there are gaps in surrounding fences. Such fences should have a high priority.
Also consider permanent fencing for cultivated fields used for pasture. If you follow the practice of "" corn or peanuts, or of turning your livestock into a field for "" after it has been harvested, a permanent fence is highly desirable. With careful study, temporary or movable fences such as electric fences may do the job economically and effectively around cultivated fields. However, movable fences usually don''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. --> Figure 4. Common spacings of wire in barbed wire fences.
Barbed wire fences are generally classified in two categories: standard barbed wire fences and suspension barbed wire fences.
Standard barbed wire fences (Figure 4) usually have posts spaced 10 to 12 feet apart and for 1 last update 2020/08/07 use three to five strands of wire.Standard barbed wire fences (Figure 4) usually have posts spaced 10 to 12 feet apart and use three to five strands of wire.
Woven wire fences consist of a number of horizontal lines of smooth wire held apart by vertical wires called stays. Spacing between horizontal line wires may vary from as close as 1.5 inches at the bottom for small animals to 9 inches at the top for large animals. Spacing of the wires generally gets wider as the fence gets higher.
Stay wires are spaced 6 inches apart for small animals and 12 inches for large animals. The height of most woven wire fencing materials ranges from 26 to 48 inches. The height needed will depend on the 1 last update 2020/08/07 the size and jumping ability of the animals. Many combinations of wire sizes and spacing as well as a number of fence heights are available. Standard woven wire fence designs are shown in Figure 6.Stay wires are spaced 6 inches apart for small animals and 12 inches for large animals. The height of most woven wire fencing materials ranges from 26 to 48 inches. The height needed will depend on the size and jumping ability of the animals. Many combinations of wire sizes and spacing as well as a number of fence heights are available. Standard woven wire fence designs are shown in Figure 6.
These fences usually consist of 3/8-inch smooth, steel wire cables stretched from one anchor post to another (Figure 7). Each cable is normally made out of seven strands of wire twisted together. Heavy springs are placed at one end of each cable to absorb any shock on the wires. The other end is rigidly attached to the next anchor post. Cables are usually passed through holes in wooden posts. If other kinds of line posts are used, cables are attached to them with heavy wires. A fence may have as many cables as desired, however, a six cable fence is common. Spacing between wires depends upon the kind of animal to be confined. Cable wire fences are expensive, thus they are mostly used for confinement areas such as holding pens, feed lots or corrals.
Mesh wire fences are strong and provide great safety to animals. They are replacing wood board fencing in many areas, but are even more expensive than good woven wire. Because of the cost they are used primarily for confinement fencing such as that around corrals, feed lots, or small crop acreage areas. They also make an excellent large area fence for valuable horses. They have small openings so horses don''S 2PX BIGGER THAN YOUR IMAGE. --> Figure 9. Typical high-tensile fence brace and wire tensioner location.